Risk of Developing Complications among Contact Lens Wearers in Northern Border Region, Saudi Arabia. A Retrospective Cohort Study.


  • Northern Border University, Department of Natural Product and Evidence Based Herbal Medicine College of Pharmacy (Female Section), Rafha, Saudi Arabia
  • Northern Border University, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy (Female Section), Saudi Arabia


The present study aims towards investigating the risk of developing complications upon usage of different types of contact lens as well as the role played by different variables related to contact lens usage (replacement time, regular follow-up, etc). This is a retrospective cohort study. The total study sample (n = 143) were recruited from Rafha General Hospital, Northern Border Region, Saudi Arabia. All their data were collected and analyzed using chi square test. A P-Value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Reusable contact lens wearers were noted to have significantly more complications than disposable contact lens wearers (P<0.05). The majority of the sample was reported to use contact lens for cosmetic (decorative) purpose than for therapeutic or optical indications (63%). Regular follow-up was significantly associated with decrease incidence of contact lens complications (P<0.01). Handling of reusable contact lenses must be done with care as complications are more likely to occur by using them than daily disposable contact lenses. Moreover, contact lens wearers must be advised about the importance of frequent replacement and regular follow-up as it showed significant decrease in complications. We can conclude from our finding that cosmetic usage of reusable contact lenses without proper handling and cleaning system is not advisable.


Contact Lenses, Complications, Eye, Saudi Arabia

Subject Collection

Northern Border Region, Saudi Arabia

Subject Discipline

Health care

Full Text:


Efron N, Morgan PB, Helland M, Itoi M, Jones D, Nichols JJ, van der Worp E, Woods CA. Daily disposable contact lens prescribing around the world. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 2010; 33(5):225–7.

Stapleton F, Naduvilath T, Keay L, Radford C, Dart JKG, Edwards K, et al. Risk factors for microbial keratitis in daily disposable contact lens wear. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 2010; 51(13):1305.

Cho P, Boost MV. Daily disposable lenses: The better alternative. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 2013; 36(1):4–12.

Alasiri RA, Alqulayti WM, Neama SH, Alsulami IA, Bawazeer AM. Practice and knowledge of contact lens wear and care among female medical college students in kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Biological and Medical Research. 2015; 6(4):5240–2.

Abdelkader A. Cosmetic soft contact lens associated ulcerative keratitis in Southern Saudi Arabia. Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology. 2016; 21(3):232–5.

Carla RA, Maria CM, Elisabetta C, Arturo P. Disposable contact lenses and bacterial adhesion. In vitro comparison between ionic/high-water-content and non-ionic/low-watercontent lenses. Biomaterials. 1995; 16(9):685–90.

Marshall EC, Begley CG, Christina HD, Nguyen OD. Frequency of complications among wearers of disposable and conventional soft contact lenses. International Contact Lens Clinic. 1992; 19(3):55–60.

Nuwan N, Christopher DI. Acanthamoeba keratitis associated with misuse of daily disposable contact lenses. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 2006; 29(5):269–71.

Jones L. Disposable contact lenses: A review. Journal of the British Contact Lens Association. 1994; 17(2):43–9.

Sauer A, Bourcier T. French study group for contact lenses related microbial keratitis. microbial keratitis as a foreseeable complication of cosmetic contact lenses: A prospective study. Acta Ophthalmology. 2011; 89(5):439–42.

Chan KY, Cho P, Boost M. Microbial adherence to cosmetic contact lenses. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 2014; 37(4):267–72.

Hickson-Curran S, Spyridon M, Hunt C, Young G. The use of daily disposable lenses in problematic reusable contact lens wearers. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 2014; 37(4):285–91.


  • There are currently no refbacks.