Injury Prevalence, Types and Mechanisms in Football: A Media-based Approach


  • Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Department of Credited Core-Curriculum, Center for Fundamental and Continuing Education, Terengganu, 21030, Malaysia
  • Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Faculty of Languages and Communication, Terengganu, 21300, Malaysia
  • Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, East Coast Environmental Research Institute, Terengganu, 21300, Malaysia
  • Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Malaysia


The increase in demand for football players to perform at their best during training and competition results in the escalation of a varying number of football-related injuries. Media reports provide readily as well as timely information on injury-related issues that could assist the stakeholders in decision making before and after a competition. Although, many attempts have been made to quantify football-related injuries in many countries via media, however, little is known on its prevalence, types and mechanisms as reported in Nigerian media. The present study employed a content analysis technique through which 94 football-related news articles from Nigerian newspapers were examined and the most frequently reported injuries are identified. It is demonstrated from the chi-square analysis that the occurrences of football-related injuries are distributed amongst players regardless of their positional role in the game [χ2(60) = 41.401; p>0.05]. Moreover, the prevalence in the mechanisms of injuries are disseminated across injury types [χ2(30) = 32.203; p>0.05]. A total of 94 different injuries are reported with knee, ankle, and thigh as the most affected locations. The findings further revealed that strikers have a higher rate of injury occurrences with a total of 52% as compared to midfielders 20%, defenders 14%, and goalkeepers 12% whilst 2% are unidentified. Many of the injuries reported are either fresh 48% or recurrent 50% with only 2% recovery. The present findings could be useful to stakeholders in projecting injury-related problems in football which could guide aappropriate action.


Football, Injury Mechanism, Injury Prevalence, Nigerian Media, Sports News

Subject Collection

Asia, Africa

Subject Discipline


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