Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Osteoporosis among General Practitioners Working in Al Majmaah Province, KSA


  • Al Majmaah University, Department of Orthopaedics, College of Medicine, Al Majmaah, 11952, Saudi Arabia
  • Al Majmaah University, Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Al Majmaah, 11952, Saudi Arabia
  • Al Majmaah University, Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, College of Medicine, Al Majmaah, 11952, Saudi Arabia


Background: Osteoporosis is the most common metabolic disorder affecting bone which develops because of normal ageing, excessive bone loss during adulthood and impaired development of peak bone mass. Awareness among physicians is vital for the early detection and timely treatment and hence fractures prevention. The present study was carried out to study the knowledge, attitude and practice towards osteoporosis among general practitioners working in Al Majmaah, KSA. Methodology: This crosssectional research was conducted among all the qualified family physicians, general practitioners and resident doctors in Majmaah province, KSA. Data collection was done based on a standardized KAP questionnaire. Results: All the data were entered and analysed according to the intentions of the present work. Good level of knowledge concerning the diagnosis was observed among the study subjects and a high proportion of respondents believed in the preventive strategies of the disease. Responses were obtained from total of43 practitioners who included 23.3% female, and 76.7% male in and around Majmaah province. Majority (72.1%) of the respondent’s attitude was that osteoporosis has major effect on the health of the community. In relation to practice aspects, prescription of 76.7% responders includes bisphosphonates as the most commonly used drug for treatment of osteoporosis. Conclusion: A considerable level of knowledge and positive attitude towards osteoporosis was found; however, practices for the prevention of osteoporosis still need improvement. There is a need to extend the medical knowledge of general practitioners in Al Majmaah Province, KSA, regarding the contemporary management of osteoporosis and its risk factors. Professional training programs are required to enhance the practitioner’s knowledge and attitude to improve their practices.


Al-Majmaah, General Practitioners, Osteoporosis, Prevention

Subject Discipline

Osteoporosis, Public Health

Full Text:


Khan JA, McGuigan FE, Akesson KE, Ahmed YM, Abdu F, Rajab H, et al. Osteoporosis knowledge and awareness among university students in Saudi Arabia. Archives of Osteoporosis. 2019; 14(1):8. s11657-019-0560-y. PMid: 30644020.

Sadat-Ali M, Al-Habdan IM, Al-Turki HA, Azam MQ. An epidemiological analysis of the incidence of osteoporosis and osteoporosis-related fractures among the Saudi Arabian population. Annals of Saudi Medicine. 2012; 32(6):637-41.

PMid: 23396029, PMCid: PMC6081105.

Gullberg B, Johnell O, Kanis JA. World-wide projections for hip fracture. Osteoporosis International. 1997; 7(5):407-13. PMid: 9425497.

Kanis JA, McCloskey E, Johansson H, Oden A, Leslie WD. FRAX® with and without bone mineral density. Calcified Tissue International. 2012; 90(1):1-3. PMid: 22057815.

Johnell O, Kanis JA. An estimate of the worldwide prevalence and disability associated with osteoporotic fractures. Osteoporosis International. 2006; 17(12):172633. PMid: 16983459.

Kanis JA, Black D, Cooper C, Dargent P, Dawson-Hughes B, De Laet C, et al. A new approach to the development of assessment guidelines for osteoporosis. Osteoporosis International. 2002; 13(7): 527-36. PMid: 12111012.

Lindsay R, Pack S, Li Z. Longitudinal progression of fracture prevalence through a population of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Osteoporosis International. 2005; 16(3):306-12. PMid: 15455193.

Saeedi MY, Al-Amri F, Mohamed A, Ibrahim AK. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards osteoporosis among primary health care physicians in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Sci. J. Public Heal. 2014; 2(6):624-30.

Al-Musa H, Alassmi M, AlMoria A, Alghamdi H, Alfaifi S. Knowledge, practice and barriers in management of Osteoporosis. Biomedical Research. 2013; 24(4):429-34.

Saeedi MY, Al-Amri F, Mohamed A, Ibrahim AK. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards osteoporosis among primary health care physicians in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Sci. J. Public Heal. 2014; 2(6):624-30.

Waqas Sami, et al. Diabetes mellitus knowledge of type 2 diabetic patients, Almajmaah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Advanced Life Sciences (IJALS). November – 2017; 10(4):377-85. /4ccd0f7f0273e1ddfdc9eeeb4d500ea58a6b.pdf.

Kanis JA. Diagnosis and Clinical Aspects of Osteoporosis. In: Pocket Reference to Osteoporosis; 2019. p. 11-20.

Hiligsmann M, Reginster JY, Tosteson AN, Bukata SV, Saag KG, Gold DT, et al. Recommendations for the conduct of economic evaluations in osteoporosis: Outcomes of an experts’ consensus meeting organized by the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO) and the US branch of the International Osteoporosis Foundation.

Osteoporosis International. 2019; 30(1):45-57. PMid:30382319, PMCid: PMC6331734.

Zheng K, Makrogiannis S. Bone Texture Characterization for Osteoporosis Diagnosis using Digital Radiography. In: 2016 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC) 2016; p. 1034-37.

PMCid: PMC5365038.

Jiang XD. Hormone therapy for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis: Will it soon become a lost art in medicine? Menopause. 2018; 25(7):723-27. PMid: 29738419.

Chiodini I, Bolland MJ. Calcium supplementation in osteoporosis: useful or harmful? European Journal of Endocrinology 2018; 178(4):D13-25. PMid: 29440373.

Mahdaviazad H, Keshtkar V, Emami MJ. Osteoporosis guideline awareness among Iranian family physicians: results of a knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey. Primary Health Care Research and Development. 2018; 19(5):485-91.

PMid: 29380714, PMCid: PMC6452934.

Weaver CM, Alexander DD, Boushey CJ, Dawson-Hughes B, Lappe JM, LeBoff MS, et al. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and risk of fractures: An updated metaanalysis from the National Osteoporosis Foundation. Osteoporosis International. 2016; 27(1):367-76. PMid: 26510847, PMCid: PMC4715837.


  • There are currently no refbacks.